Posted in Bachillerato, Grammar

REPORTED SPEECH


Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)

If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.

A. Statements

When transforming statements, check whether you have to change:

1. pronouns
2. present tense verbs (3rd person singular)
3. place and time expressions
4. tenses (backshift)

Type Example
direct speech “I speak English.”
reported speech
(no backshift) He says that he speaks English.
reported speech
(backshift) He said that he spoke English.

→ more on statements in reported speech HERE

B. Questions

When transforming questions, check whether you have to change:

pronouns
present tense verbs
(3rd person singular)
place and time expressions
tenses
(backshift)

Also note that you have to:

transform the question into an indirect question
use the interrogative or if / whether

Type Example
with interrogative direct speech “Why don’t you speak English?”
reported speech He asked me why I didn’t speak English.
without interrogative direct speech “Do you speak English?”
reported speech He asked me whether / if I spoke English.

→ more on questions in reported speech HERE

C. Requests / Commands

When transforming questions, check whether you have to change:

pronouns
place and time expressions

Type Example
direct speech “Carol, speak English.“
reported speech He told Carol to speak English.

→ more on requests in reported speech HERE

ACTIVITIES.
STATEMENTS:
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?03
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?04

QUESTIONS:
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?05
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?06

REQUESTS:
A) AFFIRMATIVE: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?07
B) NEGATIVE: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?08

MIXED TYPES:
Exercise 1
Exercise 2

Posted in Food / Health, LISTENING

Jamie Oliver: The perfect Omelette


Listening comprehension Jamie Oliver’s omelette


Before you watch the video, I’d like you to learn about one of UK’s best-known chefs. He is probably the most different cook you have ever seen. Read these articles about him.

* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamie_Oliver
* http://www.jamieoliver.com/about/jamie-oliver-biog

1. Listen to the video and try to find a title
_____________________________


2. Fill in the blanks with the right ingredients

• 3 ___________ for the main course omelette
• pinch of ___________ and _______________
• (some people put __________ and ____________)
• a little bit of _______________ , extra _________
• a little ________________

3. Answer the following questions:

a) How does Jamie Oliver describe omelettes?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

b) “You can use all sorts of different things”: what does he suggest?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

c) What does he advise to do if you get shell in the bowl?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..


4. Put the following steps of the recipe in the right order

…. a. whisk up your eggs
…. b. let butter melt
.1.. c. crack the eggs
…. d. add a pinch of salt and pepper
…. e. add just a little bit of oil, extra virgin
…. f. add a little bit of butter
…. g. grate the cheese over the omelette
…. h. go around the edges
…. i. don’t rush it (medium heat)
…. j. serve it
…. k. move the omelette round
…. l. bring in the eggs for the first 20 seconds